Monday, 6 July 2009
Parc del Guinardó
3 May. The upper reaches of Parc del Guinardó are populated by white pines and a few cedar and cypress trees. The lower part of the park features a descending series of terraces, along the centre of which a stream of water cascades down from its source at a stand of eucalyptus trees. Parc del Guinardó was created in 1918, one of several parks made prior to the 1929 International Exhibition under the direction of French landscape engineer Jean-Claude-Nicolas Forestier and Nicolau Maria Rubió i Tudurí.
Rubió i Tudurí was a key figure in the landscaping of Barcelona, responsible for example for Font del Racó Park (1922-28), the Palau de Pedralbes Park (1925-27), Plaça Francesc Macià (1926) and Turó Park (1934). Barcelona Public Parks Department was founded in 1917, directed by Rubió i Tudurí until his exile to France in 1937.
Rubió i Tudurí presented a paper "The problem of open areas" at the Eleventh National Congress of Architects in 1926 in which he promoted - following Léon Jaussely's Linking Network Plan of 1905 - the creation of a system of green areas structured according to their use and characteristics (forests, parks and children's play areas, and so on). Parc del Guinardó is of tripartite design, an urban area at Plaça del Nen de la Rutlla (amalgamated into the park in 1977) leads in to terraces and lawns divided by lines of trees and shrubs, then the historical park begins the ascent of the hill, and finally zigzagging paths take one in to the pine forest. This structure reflects the general arrangement of parks in Barcelona: enclosed by the Collserola hills, there is a semicircle of external parks, inside which lie suburban parks, followed by city parks and district gardens.